As an Instructional Design and Trainer, it is essential to have a complete understanding of how people learn and that students have different learning capacities.
The Intuitive Learner – encompasses all of us in early childhood as we are all intuitive learners from birth to the age 7, when education in schools transform children into traditional students. However, it is not uncommon that intuitive learners can extend beyond the age of seven. Intuitive learners are typically more motivated to learn due to the hands-on approach for learning.
The Traditional Student – are students from the ages 7 and up are traditional students. A traditional student is one that that learners gains knowledge from teacher lectures, books, and data. Traditional students are taught to remember and regurgitate information, but not are unable to apply the information into real life situations. Traditional learning does not support effective learning for all students, due to the fact that not all students have the ability to conform to a traditional student. There are also are disadvantages for traditional students such as a lack of motivational learning and critical thinking.
The Disciplinary Expert – are those people who are able to take the knowledge of a traditional learner and apply that information to real life situations. Disciplinary experts are those that base their learning more on inquiry based learning rather than standards based learning. To become a disciplinary expert, a learner needs to be able to achieve higher order thinking when learning and assessing information in either a traditional or intuitive way. Critical thinking is an essential part of being a disciplinary expert.